Glossary for Families 

Asynchronous Instruction and learning that does not occur at the same time. Examples include emails, discussion forums, pre-recorded webinars and videos, and posting digital assignments, assessments, etc.

Synchronous Instruction and learning that occurs at the same time. Examples include video conferencing with students, live webinars, chatting or teleconferencing.

Blended Learning Learning in which a student learns: in part through online learning, with some element of student control over time, place, path, and/or pace; in part in synchronous environment; and the modalities along each student’s learning path within a course or subject are connected to provide an integrated learning experience. Please view the CDC checklist ( to your child plan for in person classes.

Remote Learning It provides an opportunity for students and teachers to remain connected an engaged with content while working from their homes.

Online learning All or almost all of the primary content, activities, instruction, and interactions occur online (possibly except an initial face-to face meeting or proctored exam)

Face-to-Face Learning All activities and instruction occur in person in a "brick and mortar" classroom, no technology (other than PowerPoint is used)

Hybrid Learning Online and face-to-face activities and instruction are integrated; the amount of face-to-face meeting time is reduced substantively (reduction in student "seat time") 

Cohort A cohort is a group of students who participate in in-person and/or remote instruction on the same days of a school's program. These students may be in various grades and classes, but all students in a cohort go to school on the same days. A cohort may also be fully remote.

Digital Citizenship The norms of appropriate and responsible behavior with regard to technology use. 

Educational Technology The practice of using technology in instructional settings in support of teaching, learning and academic achievement.

21st-Century Skills Skills necessary for all children to succeed as citizens and workers in this century. These skills such as collaboration and teamwork, creativity and imagination, critical thinking, problem solving, digital literacy and citizenship are building blocks for learning. 

Equity Increasing all students' access to educational opportunities with a focus on closing achievement gaps and removing barriers students face based on their race, ethnicity, or national origin; sex; sexual orientation or gender identity or expression; disability; English language ability; religion; socio-economic status; or geographical location. 
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